For Physiotherapy in Chandigarh today’s topic is back pain Physiotherapy in Chandigarh Tricity.Low back pain means pain originates in the back region of the patient. There are various Spinal vertebra which are affected in this case. More prominent vertebras which are involved in the pathology that is L4 and L5.These both vertebraes are mainly involved because of increased mobility of flexion (Forward bending)and extension(Backward bending)and obviously rotational movement. Many patients suffering from low back pain due to various reasons like increased age,increased weakening of the back muscles, degeneration of the bones specially spine and due to other pathological or orthopaedic reasons. Low back pain usually common in obese patient and old-age patient but also in younger age group due to sedentary lifestyle and bad posture. Posture plays an important role in aggravating pain in lower back because there should be proper alignment of the vertebra to hold the muscles in proper position.
Low back pain usually occur due to increased or straightening of Lumbar lordosis. If there is increased or straightening of lumbar lordosis the whole posture of the spine is malaligned. Physiotherapy in chandigarh helps in assessment. LBP can be lead to lower cross syndrome in which one group of muscles get tightened and other gets weakened. In the lower cross syndrome tightened muscles are thoraco-lumbar extensors and hip flexors whereas weakened muscles are abdominals and gluteus maximus. Most patient feels pain in lumbar region which can also radiates in thigh or leg (If nerve is involved). Pain usually aggravates in forward bending or by lifting the heavyweights,it increases during activity like prolonged standing prolonged sitting and climbing stairs etc. Young adults can also suffer because of the bad posture and prolonged incorrect sitting and lying. There are many pathological conditions that leads to low back pain that is PIVD, scoliosis, Muscle strain, sciatica,osteoarthritis of spine.
Why People suffer low back pain ?
Difference in Muscular and Neurological back pain
Tenderness present always.
Involves muscle of lumbar region.
Pain only in back region and not radiating towards thigh or leg.
Numbness and tingling sensation is absent.
Tightness and soreness.
Pain is mild to moderate.
Usually dull ache pain .
Pain is localized.
Tenderness present or maybe absent.
Involves nerve mainly sciatic nerve.
Pain in lower back and travels in thigh or leg.
Numbness and tingling sensation is present.
Pain can be severe if nerve is involved.
Sharp shooting pain.
Pain is more common in nerve pathway.
Pain travels one area to another.
Management of Lower Back Pain.
It can be divided into Medical treatment and Physiotherapy treatment.
Physiotherapy in Chandigarh for LBP
Uses – To relief pain and to minimize the effect of nociceptors( pain receptors).